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Costa Rica


  • 10-September-2020

    English

    Corporate Governance in Costa Rica

    This review of Corporate Governance in Costa Rica was prepared as part of Costa Rica’s accession process for OECD membership. During the three-year period of the review, the government made substantial progress in strengthening its institutional and legal framework in line with the G20/OECD Principles of Corporate Governance and OECD Guidelines on Corporate Governance of State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs). The report evaluates Costa Rica’s corporate governance policies and practices for both listed and state-owned companies. It finds that while Costa Rica’s capital markets are quite small, its framework for corporate governance of listed companies is largely consistent with the Principles. Costa Rica has seen particular progress in issuing a new corporate governance code and requirements related to ownership disclosure. For SOEs, which play a key role in the Costa Rican economy, the Presidency has taken important steps to establish a co-ordinating unit which has spearheaded numerous reforms. These reforms include issuing a government ownership policy, more transparent and structured appointments of SOE board members (while removing politicians from boards), and reporting on SOEs’ performance. To further strengthen SOE performance and accountability, the report recommends additional steps to improve board practices, clarify performance objectives and implement International Financial Reporting Standards.
  • 20-July-2020

    English

    SIGI 2020 Regional Report for Latin America and the Caribbean

    Gender equality and women’s empowerment can only be achieved if countries take action to tackle and eliminate discrimination in their legal frameworks, social norms and practices. The SIGI 2020 Regional Report for Latin America and the Caribbean provides new evidence-based analysis on the setbacks and progress in achieving gender equality between 2014 and 2019. The report uncovers discrimination in social institutions faced by Latin American and Caribbean women in various dimensions; within the family and household context, in relation to physical integrity and access to productive and financial resources, as well within the political and civil spheres. It also explores various development perspectives such as the cost of discriminatory social institutions for Latin American and Caribbean countries and the socio-economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic for women and girls. Building on the regional and sub-regional analysis of how discriminatory social institutions continue to hinder efforts toward SDG 5, the report provides a set of policy recommendations to reshape gender norms, promote women’s empowerment and build a truly inclusive society.
  • 15-July-2020

    English

    OECD Economic Surveys: Costa Rica 2020

    Costa Rica’s social and economic progress has been remarkable. Over the last 30 years, growth has been steady and GDP per capita has tripled. A strong commitment towards trade openness has been key to attract foreign direct investment and move Costa Rica up in the global value chain. Costa Rica faces substantial challenges to retain achieved successes and to continue converging towards higher living standards. The fiscal situation remains a critical vulnerability. Large deficits and rapidly rising public debt threaten Costa Rica’s achievements. The fiscal reform approved in December 2018 was an historic step to restore fiscal sustainability. Boosting growth is also a key priority, as the gap in GDP per capita with advanced economies remains large and unemployment is high. Inequality and informality remain also high. The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted Costa Rica, with the global economic slowdown and the necessary containment measures hampering growth prospects and fiscal accounts. Responding successfully to these substantial challenges will hinge on buttressing the fiscal framework and implementing reforms to foster inclusive growth. Further advances on living standards will hinge on raising productivity by setting the right conditions for domestic companies to thrive and maintaining and reinforcing the commitment to foreign direct investment and trade. Maintaining the commitment to preserving natural resources and biodiversity and with the decarbonisation plan will pay off in terms of growth and jobs. SPECIAL FEATURES: REGULATIONS; FINANCIAL INCLUSION
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  • 30-June-2020

    English

    Making the Most of Technology for Learning and Training in Latin America

    Digitalisation is transforming the world of work and societies, and creating opportunities to learn and develop skills in new ways, times and places. The adoption and use of digital technologies can help Latin American countries close the skills gap with more advanced economies. Making the Most of Technology for Learning and Training in Latin America demonstrates how Latin American countries can realise the potential of new technologies for skills development in schools and all stages of life. It identifies barriers to accessing ICT infrastructure and connectivity limitations in Latin America, and provides recommendations on how they can be overcome to ensure that all students and citizens can benefit from new technologies for learning. The report explores the relationship between technology use in initial education and students’ performance in Latin America, and how policies can best support teachers as digital tools enter their classrooms. Digitalisation provides new opportunities for lifelong learning and this report examines the potential of open education and MOOCs in reaching those adults who are most in need of training in Latin American countries.
  • 29-June-2020

    English, PDF, 2,519kb

    OECD Review of International Investment Policies in Costa Rica

    This review is based on the report prepared by the OECD Secretariat to support the review of Costa Rica undertaken by the OECD Investment Committee, as part of the process for Costa Rica’s accession to the OECD.

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  • 16-June-2020

    English

    Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean 2020

    Health at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean 2020 presents key indicators on health and health systems in 33 Latin America and the Caribbean countries. This first Health at a Glance publication to cover the Latin America and the Caribbean region was prepared jointly by OECD and the World Bank. Analysis is based on the latest comparable data across almost 100 indicators including equity, health status, determinants of health, health care resources and utilisation, health expenditure and financing, and quality of care. The editorial discusses the main challenges for the region brought by the COVID-19 pandemic, such as managing the outbreak as well as mobilising adequate resources and using them efficiently to ensure an effective response to the epidemic. An initial chapter summarises the comparative performance of countries before the crisis, followed by a special chapter about addressing wasteful health spending that is either ineffective or does not lead to improvement in health outcomes so that to direct saved resources where they are urgently needed.
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  • 15-May-2020

    English

    OECD countries invite Costa Rica to join as 38th member

    OECD countries unanimously decided today to invite Costa Rica to become a member of the Organisation. Costa Rican President Carlos Alvarado Quesada and OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will sign an Accession Agreement in the coming days.

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  • 7-May-2020

    English

    Revenue Statistics in Latin America and the Caribbean 2020

    This report compiles comparable tax revenue statistics over the period 1990-2018 for 26 Latin American and Caribbean economies. Based on the OECD Revenue Statistics database, it applies the OECD methodology to countries in Latin America and the Caribbean to enable comparison of tax levels and tax structures on a consistent basis, both among the economies of the region and with other economies. This publication is jointly undertaken by the OECD Centre for Tax Policy and Administration, the OECD Development Centre, the Inter-American Center of Tax Administrations (CIAT), the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). The 2020 edition is produced with the support of the EU Regional Facility for Development in Transition for Latin America and the Caribbean, which results from joint work led by the European Union, the OECD and its Development Centre, and ECLAC.
  • 7-May-2020

    English, PDF, 269kb

    Revenue Statistics LAC: Key findings for Costa Rica

    Costa Rica's tax-to-GDP ratio in 2018 (24.0%) was above the LAC average (23.1%)1 in this year's Revenue Statistics in Latin America and the Caribbean publication by 1.0 percentage points and below the OECD average (34.3%).

  • 7-May-2020

    Spanish, PDF, 283kb

    Estadísticas-tributarias-ALC: principales resultados para Costa Rica

    La recaudación tributaria sobre PIB de Costa Rica en 2018 (24.0%) estuvo por encima del promedio de ALC (23.1%)1 en la publicación de este a?o de las Estadísticas tributarias en América Latina y el Caribe en 1.0 puntos porcentuales y por debajo del promedio de la OCDE (34.3%).

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