Poverty, development, food security

Food security has remained a major preoccupation of governments in the wake of the 2007/08 food price crisis and in view of persistent food insecurity and malnutrition and the prospect of continuing increases in population. OECD has sought to place the food security issue in a broader context of development and poverty reduction, emphasising multi-faceted approaches going beyond food production per se. In-depth work has been carried out to determine the appropriate balance between domestic production, food reserves and trade in achieving food security in countries at different levels of development and with different resource endowments and comparative advantage in agricultural production. In a novel approach, a theoretical framework was developed to evaluate the effectiveness of different policy measures in dealing with transitory threats to food security coming from a variety of internal and external shocks. This approach was applied to Indonesia and is now being applied to a broader range of countries in the Southeast Asia region. Ongoing work seeks to investigate social safety nets to mitigate household level food insecurity and private storage as alternatives to the buffer stocks mechanisms which governments sometimes use in pursuit of food security.


Related reports


OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers

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